Month 10: Top 10 Sensory Activities for your 10 month old

Month 10: Top 10 Sensory Activities for your 10 month old

Josh’s 10 Month Story

3…2…1… Blast Off!!! Up I go… as I climb up this slide I fly up to the moon. Oh no… down I go. OK let’s try this again. 3…2…1… Blast Off!!! Here we go again! Up… up… up. I made it! As I step off my rocket ship I am super excited to explore the moon’s surface and see what new adventures await me. Stop!!! I see a strange creature approaching from the distance. Oh wait… It’s just Luka from next door… Ok… here we go. The gravity feels so different here. As I crawl through this strange terrain I see a huge pit of balls. In I go…. Weeee!!! I Love the Moon!! I think I will squish and swim in here for a while before I take on my next adventure!

Until next month.

Lots of smiles, Josh

moon exploration

What to expect from your 10 month old

Gross Motor Skills:

Lots of movement is happening at this age. Your little one can now crawl, pull themselves to standing, squat while holding on, sit back down from standing and cruise around while holding on to the furniture.

Fine Motor Skills:

Your little one is getting better at using their pincer grasp (using the tip of their thumb and pointer finger) to pick up small objects.

They may start placing smaller items into larger containers.

They will be able to hold an object in one hand while doing something with the other.

They continue practicing their coordination skills. An example can include picking up food from their tray and then placing it in their mouth.

Communication Skills:

By 10 months your little one can understand and follow simple instructions such as ‘clap hands’.

They should respond to the sound of their name and point to simple objects such as ‘car’ or ‘cat’.

 

Sensory Activities for a Healthy Sensory Lifestyle

1. Messy play: Noodle fun

Noodle fun

Skills Developed Targeted Senses
Fine motor skills and hand eye coordination Tactile sense & gustatory sense (if the noodle is consumed)

How to Play:

To start, cook some long noodles.  Once cooled place them into an empty container in front of your child. As they explore the textures let them glide their hands through it, pick it up and squish it. They may even use their two hands to pull the long noodles apart.

If your little one is not enjoying the texture maybe give them a long wooden spoon that they can poke around with. Once they become more comfortable they may be tempted to touch the noodles directly.

2. Bubble swimming pool

Skills Developed Targeted Senses
Fine motor skills, hand eye coordination, bilateral coordination and balance skills Tactile, vestibular & proprioceptive skills

How to Play:

This is a variation of splashing around in a baby pool. Fill the baby pool with an inch or so of water and add some bubble bath to it. As with any water activities make sure that an ADULT is always present and supervising.

This will be a more slippery play so make sure you keep your hands close by just in case they start slipping. You may also add some cups and water toys for additional grasping, pouring and splashing fun.

3. Grab & Let go!

egg carton

Skills Developed Targeted Senses
Grasping & releasing, hand eye coordination, bilateral coordination, crossing midline Tactile and proprioceptive senses

How to Play:

Equipment needed: An empty egg carton & objects of various sizes and shapes (they need to fit into the egg carton)

To set up, place the empty egg carton and a variety of objects in front of your baby. At first, give them the opportunity to explore everything in front of them. Let them grasp the objects, squeeze them, bang them together, throw them. This exploration is very important. An added benefit is when you use lots of language during this process.

Once they become familiar with everything in front of them, demonstrate the activity. Pick up one of the objects and put it into one of the grooves of the egg carton. Then do a couple more. Initially they may just want to take objects out. After they’ve had a go, encourage them to put some of the objects in.

Have fun with it and remember that it may take few times before they are actually able to complete the task.

4. Advanced crawling exploration

Crawling at 10 months

Skills Developed Targeted Senses
Body awareness, strengthening of shoulders, arms, developing arches in their hands (required for fine motor skills), coordination between right and left sides of the body Tactile, vestibular and proprioceptive senses

How to Play:

As your baby strengthens their crawling skills and becomes even more curious about their surroundings we can provide them with opportunities for more challenging crawling fun!

Some ideas include:

  • Obstacle courses that include home made mazes. These can be made from cushions, pillows or small gym mattresses
  • Going up ramps or small slides
  • Crawling through tents and tunnels
  • Crawling through various surfaces or human/man made ‘speed humps’ (Child crawls across a parent that is lying down or pillows that are spread out all over the room)

5. On the look out!

Exploration at 10 months

Skills Developed Targeted Senses
Fine & gross motor skills, hand eye coordination and motor planning (ability to conceptualize, plan and carry out an unfamiliar task) ALL senses

How to Play:

You have probably noticed that your little one is very curious. Toys can entertain them for a little while but it doesn’t completely satisfy their curiosity. Make sure you provide them plenty of opportunity both outside and inside to explore.

Wherever you let them explore, make sure the environment is safe for them. Not sure how to start? Here are some ideas:

  • Let them take the lead and you follow them wherever they go
  • INDOORS:
    • Let them open and close drawers and explore their contents
    • Let them explore zippers on large objects such as couch cushions
    • Maybe they can get into your closet and explore your clothes, shoes
  • OUTDOORS:
    • Check out the trees, acorns on the ground, dig through sand with their hands, explore the playgrounds etc

6. Balloon Play

Balloon play

Skills Developed Targeted Senses
Grasping and eye hand coordination Tactile & proprioceptive senses

How to Play:

Balloons! So fun and simple. There are many ways to play with balloons.

At this age though, give them a balloon and let them play. And YES it may pop!

I don’t believe you need any special instructions when playing with balloons at this age. You may however see your little one grab it, bang it, squeeze it, move it around in all directions. They may throw it or it may fly out of their hands and then they will be crawling after it. So much fun and can be very colorful if you include a few balloons of various colors.

7. Object permanence

Skills Developed Targeted Senses
Object permanence Visual and tactile senses

How to Play:

This game, is one of the ways you can teach your baby about object permanence. Object permanence is understanding that objects or people still exist even when we can’t see them. Understanding this concept is an important cognitive milestone. To review the specific stages of object permanence, check out the Wikipedia page.

To get started, get your baby’s attention. Then pick a toy and hide it under a cloth or a small towel. See if they will be able to find it. If they struggle you may leave the toy partly uncovered. You can also hide toys behind books or under a bowl or a container.

Another way of developing object permanence is through playing games such as peek-a-boo. Playing peek-a-boo with parents is also a great way to help your child through separation anxiety. It will help them understand that “even though I can’t see mom/dad, she/he will come back!”

8. Slide and grab

Skills Developed Targeted Senses
Coordination between right and left sides of the body, strengthening of legs, balance, grasping, hand eye coordination and motor planning (ability to conceptualize, plan and carry out an unfamiliar task) Visual, proprioceptive, tactile and vestibular senses

How to Play:

This activity is fun to play and encourages your little one to do more furniture cruising.

First, encourage your little one to stand up and hold on to one end of the couch. Then, entice them to move to the other side by placing a desirable object or a toy on the other side of the couch. The aim of the game is to get them to cruise to the other side of the couch while holding on. Once they grab the toy and start interacting with it you may even see them standing for a few seconds.

This activity can be repeated numerous times. Really until your little one loses their interest.

9. Playing with food

Food play at 10 months

Skills Developed Targeted Senses
Fine motor skills, hand eye coordination Tactile, gustatory (taste), olfactory (smell), visual and proprioceptive senses

How to Play:

If you haven’t started to let your baby explore their food through their hands and mouth, you may seriously consider it. Yes, they will get messy. Yes, there will be clean up. However getting messy is part of the process of learning to eat.

Through touch they learn about the properties of the food. They will learn about their texture. They will figure out how much force to place on different types of food without squishing them.

Make sure you also give them a spoon so they start to explore how to use it. Be aware their accuracy is yet to be developed.

So let’s all embrace the mess and get some memorable photos!

10. Blanket ride

Skills Developed Targeted Senses
Balance and coordination Vestibular and proprioceptive senses

How to Play:

A great game that is sure to bring on some laughs. Start by placing a medium to large blanket on the floor. Next, sit your baby on the blanket. Ready… set…go! Let’s go for a ride!

Pull your baby around the room making gentle turns. You can sing songs or just make engine or train sounds as you move your little one around. If your baby tumbles over, stop and reposition and start again.

Note: Please ensure you keep checking in on your baby and move at a slow speed during the blanket ride.

Summary:

So there you have it. My top 10 Sensory Activities for your 10 month old that you can do today to help their development.

These are just a few activities that are bound to spark other ideas. Just remember that every new sensory experience is helping your child’s growth and development.

Remember: Each baby develops at their own pace. If your child is not ready or not interested in these months’ activities, just try them again in a few weeks.

~ Urszula

Disclaimer: The activities in this blog are intended for sensory play. They are not a replacement for treatment of children with Sensory Processing Disorder, are not medical advice and should not be used in place of the care of a medical doctor or other qualified healthcare professional. These activities should be facilitated and supervised by an adult. All activities are to be performed at your own risk and in no event shall Sensory Lifestyle be liable for any damages.

❮ 9 month activities < 11 month activities ❯
Weekend Sensory Play Time!

Weekend Sensory Play Time!

Feeling stuck on what to do with your child this weekend? Need a little INSPIRATION?

Well, you are in luck! This segment includes weekly activities for you to play with your child. Sensory experiences are important for every single child. These activities provide the opportunity to explore and develop their sensory systems. They can be done any time and aim to inspire and guarantee a fun time.  Each week you and your child will have the opportunity to experiment, explore and live a Sensory Lifestyle.

As each child has different sensory preferences I will include tips on how to modify the activities where appropriate.

So let’s get started!

Week 1 Sensory Play

Racing Colors

Racing Colors

Skills Developed Targeted Senses
Fine motor skills, hand eye coordination, crossing midline, bilateral integration and motor planning (ability to conceptualize, plan &  carry out an unfamiliar task) Tactile and visual senses

How to play:

To get started choose a variety of small cars. Then have various paint colors ready. Once you have a large piece of paper laid over the table or the floor is when the fun begins. Have your child dip the cars in paint. Then let the cars race over the paper and make tracks as they zoom by.

Have the cars go in all directions; up, down, across, diagonally etc. At times encourage your child to zoom across the paper so their hand gets to move across their body. You can do this by getting them racing from one side of the paper to the other.  You can also draw different stations on the paper that they have to reach. For example one side can have a drawn house, the other can have a gas station or maybe a zoo or a park. As they travel from different ‘locations’ they move their hand across their bodies and cross their midline.

Modifications:

If your child does not like to be in contact with paint here are a couple of modifications that can be done:

  1. Large cars: Instead of using small cars you can use large cars that will provide a greater distance between their hands and the paint.
  2. Wet cloth: Have a wet cloth handy that they can use straight away to clean their hands from the paint.

Remember  not to push the actual paint contact if your child is not ready. Present it to them and then follow their lead. Most importantly… Have FUN!!

 

Week 2 Sensory Play

Climbing Trees

Climbing trees

Skills Developed Targeted Senses
Motor planning (ability to conceptualize, plan and carry out an unfamiliar task), balance, strengthening of the core muscles, hand eye coordination and bilateral skills Proprioceptive, vestibular and tactile senses

How to play:

I don’t think this activity needs much direction. Hopefully it will serve as a reminder of a very fun activity that can be done with kids of many ages. It also has a whole range of skills that can be practiced (See above).

For those of you who let your child climb trees this may be just a reminder to find a cool new tree to climb and explore this weekend. Maybe include a tree with an extra challenge.

For the children that have not yet had the opportunity to climb trees. I say go for it! If it’s the first time provide them with more support and then back away as their skill and confidence grows. Of course you should start with trees that have branches very low to the ground. Make sure to stay safe!

Week 3 Sensory Play

Puff Paint

puff paint

Skills Developed Targeted Senses
Fine motor skills and hand eye coordination Tactile and visual senses

How to Play

There are various ways you can create fun and colorful art with puff paint while developing many important skills.

The two strategies that I used include:

  1. Create with your hands

Simply let your child explore the paint with their hands. Next, encourage them to move the paint from their hands onto the paper to create a colorful artwork. They can use their whole hands or individual fingers to paint with. The ability to separate individual fingers is an important skill that is used in most fine motor tasks such as writing, buttoning or picking up small snacks.

  1. Use an instrument to create art

Your child can create a masterpiece while using paintbrushes, sticks or Q tips. Simply dip the instrument into the paint and then let them create their masterpiece.

The masterpiece can range from abstract to cute animals, cars or houses. Depending on their age they can put on as much detail as they want.

Once the artwork is done, put it into the microwave for around 20-30 seconds. The result will include a picture that is raised off the paper.

Puff Paint Recipe

Ingredients:

For each color of paint you will need:

  • 1 tablespoon of self raising flour
  • 1 tablespoon of salt
  • A few drops of food coloring
  • Approximately 2-3 tablespoons of water

What to do:

  1. First combine all the dry ingredients
  2. Then add the food coloring
  3. Lastly, add the water to make a smooth paste
  4. COMPLETED WORK: Microwave for approximately 20-30 seconds until the puff paint is dry.

Week 4 Sensory Play

Oobleck Fun

Oobleck

Skills Developed Targeted Senses
Body awareness (hands) and hand eye coordination skills Tactile senses

How to Play

Looking for some tactile fun to do with your child? Look no further… oobleck is here. Oobleck was inspired by the book, Bartholomew and the Oobleck by Dr. Seuss.

It is considered a non-Newtonian fluid. What this means is that you can press it together into a solid ball but it quickly turns into a liquid and can ooze through your hand.

Ingredients

  • 2 cups of Corn Starch
  • 1 cup of Water
  • Food coloring (optional)

What to do

  1. In a bowl, combine the corn starch and water.
  2. Once combined, add the food coloring and mix well.

If you are not sure if it is the correct consistency, here is a little hint. You want to be able to make a solid ball in your hand that changes and oozes as soon as you open your hand.

If it’s too dry, add a couple of table spoons of water.

If it’s too wet or runny, add a couple of table spoons of corn starch.

Once it’s ready… let your child explore with their hands and maybe add some spoons or sifters/baskets for some extra fun.

If your child does not like to get messy, have towels ready to clean their hands or provide tools that they can use instead of their hands.

Cleaning Tip: Once dry, it can be easily wiped of.

Week 5 Sensory Play

Gardening

Gardening

Skills Developed Targeted Senses
Fine motor skills, hand eye coordination, motor planning (ability to conceptualize, plan & carry out an unfamiliar task) and strengthening if doing heavy work Tactile, proprioceptive and visual senses

How to play:

It’s spring time! It’s a perfect time to do some gardening. This activity can be completed by anyone, living anywhere.

For an experienced gardener this simply acts as a prompt to let your children get involved with you. For the novice like myself there is no need to get freaked out. If you don’t know where to start you can purchase a gardening kit.  It’s simple to follow directions and doesn’t require much space. There are many gardening kits available online.

Gardening is great as it gives your child the opportunity to explore the dirt through their tactile sense but also gives them the opportunity to watch their hard work grow. The proprioceptive sense is also stimulated as they fill and empty their watering cans.

If they are doing some heavy work through shoveling or raking they are also stimulating their proprioceptive sense and strengthening their bodies.

Week 6 Sensory Play

Maze of lasers

Laser course

Skills Developed Targeted Senses
 Body awareness, balance, coordination, motor planning (ability to conceptualize, plan & carry out an unfamiliar task), hand and shoulder strength, core strength, trunk control and visual skills Vestibular and proprioceptive senses

How to play:

This is more like an obstacle course that can be played like a ‘Mission Impossible’ adventure.

To start grab some red yarn (lasers) and spread it across the room if playing inside or trees/fences if playing outside. Tie the yarn so it spreads across the obstacle space. Make some of the lasers low to the ground, some in the middle and some up high.

The aim of this game is to try to get from one side of the obstacle course to the other without touching the lasers.

Week 7 Sensory Play

Construction in Action!

Construction with pipes

Skills Developed Targeted Senses
Fine motor skills, hand eye coordination, motor planning (ability to conceptualize, plan & carry out an unfamiliar task), attention, imagination & creativity Tactile, visual and proprioceptive senses

How to play:

Equipment needed: PVC pipes (various lengths), connectors (elbows, coupling, tee connectors, pvc cross etc), water.

This is the activity that really allows your child to get creative and test the laws of physics.  It’s all about connecting pipes in different formats and testing out what happens to the water once poured inside of them.

I would suggest giving them all the equipment and some containers of water. Then, allow them to experiment. If they are unsure of where to start give them some guidance. As they start to get comfortable you can back away your assistance and watch the learning happen.

 

Week 8 Sensory Play

Cooking- Noodle time

Cooking pasta

Skills Developed Targeted Senses
Fine motor skills, hand eye coordination and motor planning (ability to conceptualize, plan & carry out an unfamiliar task) Tactile, visual and gustatory (taste) senses

How to play:

If you haven’t gotten your kids into the kitchen yet, this may be the time. This is a fun and healthy recipe that your kids will sure enjoy making and hopefully eating as well.

Throughout this recipe your child can be involved with as many or as few tasks. They can range from collecting ingredients, pouring, mixing and manipulating dough.

The main component of this dish is the pici pasta. It is made from dough that is the same consistency as play dough. So basically you can have them having fun with it. To make the pici, you need to tear off balls of dough and roll them out into long, thin sausage shapes.

As usual make sure you supervise all the tasks and enjoy the great flavors.

Recipe – http://www.jamieoliver.com/recipes/pasta-recipes/spinach-pici-pasta/

Week 9 Sensory Play

Ooey Gooey Gak

Gak

Skills Developed Targeted Senses
Fine motor skills, hand eye coordination and motor planning (ability to conceptualize, plan &  carry out an unfamiliar task) Tactile Sense

How to play:

If your child is old enough, make sure you get them involved in actually making Gak from scratch. Once your Ooey Gooey Gak is done have fun with it.

What can you do with Gak?

  • Squish it
  • Pull it apart and then pull it together again
  • Poke it
  • Squish it into an empty play dough container. WARNING: Strange noises might be heard during this maneuver!
  • Hide small toys/objects in it. Then try to retrieve them!
  • Use cookie cutters to cut out different shapes

What are your favorite ideas? Feel free to share in the comments below.

MODIFICATIONS: Do you have a child who is cautious with new textures? If yes then you can place Gak into a ziplock bag. They can still explore and interact with it without the slimy texture.

Ingredients

  • 8 oz of Elmer’s Glue
  • 8 oz of warm water
  • Food coloring
  • 1 teaspoon Borax
  • 1/2 cup of warm water

What to do

  1. Mix glue and water in a bowl
  2. Add the food coloring and mix it in
  3. In a separate bowl using a spoon mix 1/2 cup of warm water and Borax
  4. Once the Borax has dissolved add this mixture into the glue mixture
  5. Mix first with the spoon. Once the mixture is combined knead with your hands until you have finished forming Gak
  6. Have fun!

Week 10 Sensory Play

Art through Air & Color

Blow art

 

Skills Developed Targeted Senses
Oral motor skills, visual tracking and hand eye coordination Visual and proprioceptive senses

How to play:

Blowing activities are great. Through blowing, your child gets to work on their oral motor skills. They get to practice how to coordinate their lips, cheeks and jaw with airflow. Their muscle tone gets strengthened. They build awareness of their mouth, tongue, lips and jaw. This is a great activity that strengthens your child’s oral muscles and builds coordination.

Oral motor activities also have benefits related to speech, feeding, respiration and regulation.

As the child watches the colors splatter across the paper it also encourages visual tracking.

So how do you play this activity and experience all of these benefits?

Get an empty piece of paper. Give your child a short (around 2 inches) straw. Then either yourself or your child drops small drop of food coloring on their empty piece of paper. Lastly let your child blow onto the drop of food coloring and watch the colors splatter across their paper. You can repeat it with other colors.

Once dry this becomes an abstract piece of art.

Week 11 Sensory Play

Baked cotton ball smash

Baked Cotton Balls

Skills Developed Targeted Senses
 Fine motor skills, hand eye coordination, bilateral coordination, hand strength, balance and visual skills Tactile, visual and proprioceptive senses

How to play:

Follow the recipe below to create your baked cotton balls. Depending on the age of your child you may want to get them engaged in making the cotton balls.

Once ready it’s time to get smashing. They can break down the cotton balls through the use of their hands, feet or even a hammer.  Just a note that the plastic hammer won’t make a dint on them but a wooden toy hammer is a go.

Baked cotton ball Recipe

Ingredients:

  • 1 cup of flour
  • 1 cup of water
  • Food coloring

What to do:

  1. Mix 1 cup of water and 1 cup of flour
  2. Divide the mixture into 4 containers
  3. Add food coloring to each mixture
  4. Dip in a cotton ball and cover it fully with the mixture
  5. Once covered place it onto an aluminum foil
  6. Bake in the oven at 300°F for 45 min
  7. Get smashing!

Week 12 Sensory Play

Messy play: Cloud dough

cloud dough

Skills Developed Targeted Senses
Fine motor skills, hand eye coordination and visual perception skills Tactile sense

This is such a fun activity. The cloud dough is very similar to the commercial moon sand. It feels silky and it is very moldable. The easy part is that it only includes two materials, baby oil and flour (see recipe below). Below is a general guideline from which you can work. I decided to add a little extra baby oil to make it even more moldable.

How to Play

Once you’ve made your dough, give your child some containers and spoons and let them explore. Cloud dough can provide lots of entertainment while expanding their tactile sense. When using it in therapy I always had to pack up a to go bag full of cloud dough due its popularity.

Cloud Dough Recipe

Ingredients:

  • 1 cup of Baby Oil
  • 8 cups of flour

What to do:

  1. Simply mix the two ingredients together. THAT’S IT!
  2. Store it in a container with a lid

Week 13 Sensory Play

Colored rice play

Play with rice

Skills Developed Targeted Senses
Fine motor skills, hand eye coordination, tactile discrimination, attention and imagination Visual and tactile senses

How to Play

Coloring rice is super easy.

  1. Place rice into small plastic containers or a zip lock bag
  2. Add food coloring to each container
  3. Shake, shake, shake to mix up the rice with that color
  4. Open the container and let it dry out
  5. Rice is colored and ready to be played with

Depending on the age of your child you can definitely get them involved in coloring the rice with you. Once the rice is ready, place it into a large plastic container and let your child explore and experiment. If you place the rice without mixing the colors they will have fun seeing the colors mix. They will get a new fun sensation on their hands as they swish and swirl and move it all around in different directions.

You can also add a variety of spoons, sticks and containers to the mix. They can fill and dump the rice. Feel the weight in the containers. You can also start to encourage some pretend play. Maybe they will cook you something for dinner? You can hide objects in it. They can find it by using their eyes or if they want an extra challenge let them keep their eyes closed. For example ask them to find a ball or a small toy car by only using their hands. Don’t let them pick.

Let them explore and see what they come up with. Also if you do not want to reuse the rice you might consider pouring in some water and see what happens.

Week 14 Sensory Play

Edible water beads

Water Beads

 

Skills Developed Targeted Senses
Fine motor skills, bilateral coordination and hand eye coordination skills Tactile sense

How to play:

Equipment: I love water beads however I was looking for a more edible alternative. I came across Boba pearls. They are tapioca balls used in a popular Taiwanese drink and easily available on amazon.  For a variety of colors I would recommend the rainbow boba. If you follow the instructions they are ready within 5 minutes.

Once they are cooked and cooled they are ready to be enjoyed. I added some food dye to some of them for extra color.

If used without water you will get a little bit of a sticky play experience. If used with water it will be a more slippery play experience.

Here are some ideas of what you can do with these water beads:

  • Explore with hands
  • Explore with feet
  • Squish them
  • Place in a container of water
  • Add shaving cream
  • Scoop into smaller containers using spoons or other kitchen utensils
  • Sort into muffin tin
  • Manipulate with kids buckets, shovels, sifters etc.

Found another fun activity you can do with these little beads? Leave me a comment below.

Week 15 Sensory Play

Rolling down hills

Rolling down hills

Skills Developed Targeted Senses
Body awareness, coordination and motor planning (ability to conceptualize, plan & carry out an unfamiliar task) Tactile and vestibular senses

How to play:

Just as the name implies this is all about rolling down hills. I remember when I was a small child this was one of my favorite things to do. Whenever we went to parks I always looked out for tall hills. As soon as I did I would run up, lie on the grass and down I went. Rolling all the way to the bottom.

These days I don’t see it as much so let’s get our kids to the top of those hills and encourage them to roll. For the little ones they may require help getting them started. Hopefully with a few rolls they get the hang of it and also get motivated by the fun.

Week 16 Sensory Play

Spray bottle fun with a twist

Spray bottle fun

 

Skills Developed Targeted Senses
 Fine motor skills, hand eye coordination, hand strengthening skills Visual and proprioceptive senses

How to play:

Depending on how much time for preparation you have you can do this activity two different ways.

The first, is to get a large piece of white paper and attach it to a fence or a wall.

The second, way is to cut out various shapes from white paper. The shapes can be as simple as circles, triangles or as complex as letters, cars, flowers, leaves etc. It really depends on your own skill and time that you have available.

Next, mix some water with food coloring. Place it into a spray bottle and let the fun begin.  Stick your paper on a wall or a fence and let them spray away. You may want to switch the water out for different colors or have different bottles ready.

Not only is this a really fun activity but it’s great at strengthening all those small muscles in their hands. Initially they may be using two hands to squeeze the lever and as their strength builds they will only need to use one hand. An additional benefit to this activity is that it helps to separate the hand into two parts, which is important for many skills such as cutting.

Week 17 Sensory Play

Lizard Fun

Popcorn eating

Skills Developed Targeted Senses
Oral motor, shoulder & core strengthening skills Gustatory (taste) and proprioceptive senses

How to play:

If your child loves popcorn this is a fun game for snack or anytime really. If they don’t like popcorn you can substitute with cheerios, pirate’s booty or anything else that will stick to their tongue.

Basically this is a challenge game. To get going have them lying belly down on the floor. Then place popcorn on a plate and place it in front of them.

The goal is to eat the popcorn off the plate without using their hands. Basically get that mouth going! Depending on the age of your child you can either challenge them to finish the plate off without using their hands. Or you can time them in how fast they can finish it off.

Have fun and get eating!!

Week 18 Sensory Play

Clean Mess

  Clean Mess with the boys

This activity is really fun! That is if your child is into playing with slimy textures.

Skills Developed Targeted Senses
Fine motor skills and hand eye coordination skills Tactile and visual senses

How to play:

Equipment: Large container of water, dish soap and toilet paper.

First, place some dish soap (just enough to make some bubbles) into your water. Then, your child can tear small pieces of toilet paper and throw them into the water. As your child mixes all the ingredients together they will create a soft and slimy texture. Many children love to explore it with their hands. They can even try squeezing some of the paper together into balls while strengthening the muscles in their hands. You can also encourage putting their feet in to see how that feels. Make sure you support your little one climbing in and out so they don’t slip.

If you get bored of the white color you can always add some food coloring to make it more colorful.

MODIFICATIONS: Do you have a child who is cautious with new textures? If yes then you can explore the texture through the use of a large wooden spoon, a whisk or gloves.

Week 19 Sensory Play

Animal walk parachute game

Parachute game

Skills Developed Targeted Senses
Body awareness, strengthening of shoulders, arms & core, coordination between right and left sides of the body, balance and motor planning (ability to conceptualize, plan and carry out an unfamiliar task) Vestibular and proprioceptive senses

How to play:

Equipment needed: Parachute, small animals and friends

Parachute games are so much fun and you can play with them so many different ways. This activity is one way that you can get working on many great skills (see above).

The main idea is to place different animal toys into the parachute and then get them flying.

NOTE: Don’t include large plastic animals. You definitely wouldn’t want to get hit by anything large and plastic. Use either plush animals or small plastic ones.

The goal of the game is to first grab a fallen animal. Then, pretend to be that animal by imitating and doing different animal walks.  Some examples can include:

  • Kangaroo: can be jumping around
  • Bear: walk on all fours
  • Lizard: commando crawl on the ground
  • Donkey: can do some donkey kicks
  • Zebra: can do some galloping

If you are unsure what an animal can do have your child come up with it or just be creative!

Week 20 Sensory Play

Bubble snake

Bubble snake

Skills Developed Targeted Senses
  Hand eye coordination, bilateral coordination, oral motor and visual skills Tactile, visual and proprioceptive senses

How to play:

This is one of the funnest bubble activities. To start, you or your child will need to build your bubble construction. Don’t worry, it’s fast and simple!

  1. Get your equipment ready:
    • empty water bottle
    • old sock
    • elastic band
    • scissors
    • bubble solution
    • empty container
  2. Cut out the bottom of your bottle
  3. Place the sock over the hole and secure it with an elastic band
  4. Dip the sock end into the bubble solution
  5. Fill your lungs out with air and BLOW!!!
  6. Watch the fun bubble snake appear

The bubbles don’t necessary have to stay a snake. They can be a train, a rocket or even a trumpet.  Get the kids started and see where their imagination gets them.

Have fun and get going with those creations!

Week 21 Sensory Play

Mud Fun!

Mud Play

Skills Developed Targeted Senses
 Hand & finger strength, body awareness and balance skills Tactile and proprioceptive senses

How to play:

This is my old time favorite activity. I have lots of fun and muddy memories from when I was a child.

Yes, your child will get dirty. But the fun could last for hours! All you need is dirt and water. Anything extra like sand toys, sticks and rocks are all an added bonus.

Getting ready: To make this fun for your child and painless for you, here are few things you will need:

  • Change of clothes in case your child gets super excited
  • Water to wash the dirt off
  • You can bring some sand toys that can add to the fun
  • Water! Lots of water to help with the mud creation
  • Find a spot of dry dirt that your child can play in and create mud

You can start your child off by showing them what happens when you pour water onto dirt. Encourage them to interact with it. They can use sticks, their hands or their feet to mix the water and the dirt. Give them the opportunity to also:

  • Pour water onto dirt
  • Swish it around
  • Make it into balls
  • Paint a rock with dirt
  • Make a river by using a stick and pouring water in to the groove
  • Stick mud onto rocks, tress etc
  • Make mud pies
  • Create their own ideas
  • Most of all HAVE FUN and GET DIRTY!!

Week 22 Sensory Play

Stomp Painting

Paint stomping

Skills Developed Targeted Senses
Balance, motor planning (ability to conceptualize, plan and carry out an unfamiliar task) and visual skills. Tactile, visual and proprioceptive senses.

How to Play:

This activity is lots of fun, but it can get a little messy. I would recommend doing it either outside or staying away from carpeted areas.

Simply place a long strip of paper on the floor (I used banner paper) with paint blobs on the corners. I found that using paper plates for paint placement gets more paint stuck to the feet which makes the activity more messy and slippery.

Then let your child stomp away creating a master piece.

Week 23 Sensory Play

Messy experiment

Messy experiment

Skills Developed Targeted Senses
 Fine motor skills, hand eye coordination, bilateral coordination and visual skills Tactile and visual  senses

How to play:

This is a fun way to get your kids to experiment with texture. Get a large bowl or a container and have your kids add different items to experiment with textures. The great thing about this activity is that each kid controls exactly how far they want to push their comfort zone. The textures can move from dry consistency to wet. They can be sticky or lumpy. Anything… it’s only limited by the materials that you give them.

Some ideas include:

  • Shaving cream
  • Flour
  • Salt
  • Sugar
  • Water
  • Cream of tartar
  • Food coloring
  • Glitter (be warned as it sticks everywhere… but looks beautiful!)
  • Rice
  • Packaging noodles

They can also practice their mathematical skills by measuring all the ingredients. Then they can practice their scientific skills by analyzing and comparing their results as they mix different amounts.

MODIFICATIONS: Do you have a child who is cautious with new textures? If yes then they can mix all the ingredients with a spoon or a whisk.

Week 24 Sensory Play

Herb smash

Herb Smash

Skills Developed Targeted Senses
 Hand eye coordination, bilateral coordination, hand & shoulder strengthening Tactile, proprioceptive, olfactory (smell) and gustatory (taste) senses

How to play:

Firstly, gather a variety of fresh herbs. This could be anything from sage, thyme, basil etc. Secondly get a mortar & pestle to help with the herb smashing.

As your child chooses a herb, let them pull it off, feel it with their fingers and smell it. Then let them smash the herbs using a pestle. They will need to use quite a bit of force to get them smashed. Once they smash it all up let them smell it again.

Don’t worry about the waste as you can easily use these herbs in your cooking 🙂

Week 25 Sensory Play

Shaving cream car wash

Shaving cream & cars

Skills Developed Targeted Senses
Hand eye coordination, bilateral skills and motor planning (ability to conceptualize, plan and carry out an unfamiliar task). Tactile and visual senses.

How to Play

In this game your child needs to get their cars dirty and then take them to a car wash.

To make the cars dirty:

  • Put some shaving cream or bubble soap onto a table.
  • Have your child explore the shaving cream with their cars. WARNING: They may have so much fun that the shaving cream ends up being splattered around.

To make the cars clean:

  • Have a small container of water ready so they can try and wash them in it.

They may want to repeat this cycle numerous times.

Have FUN!

Disclaimer: The activities in this blog are intended for sensory play. They are not a replacement for treatment of children with Sensory Processing Disorder, are not medical advice and should not be used in place of the care of a medical doctor or other qualified healthcare professional. These activities should be facilitated and supervised by an adult. All activities are to be performed at your own risk and in no event shall Sensory Lifestyle be liable for any damages.

 

Month 24: Top 10 Sensory Activities for your 24 month old toddler

Month 24: Top 10 Sensory Activities for your 24 month old toddler

Josh’s Story

As I dip my hands into the paint I can feel the cold and wet mixture in between my fingers. As I slowly pull them out, the paint is dripping down to the floor. I can feel the excitement rushing through my body. There is a blank canvas in front of me and I can’t wait to fill it. Here we go…
As I start making the strokes I am reminded of a great man who once said: “Every child is an artist” Picasso.
I started to get creative and mix the colors. To add something special to my painting I knew I had to do something different. My hands started swishing the paint from side to side. Splashing the paint was next on my agenda…. Oops I guess my clothes and the surrounding area are now part of my artwork. Oh well…. I’m sure my mom will not mind. After all, I am creating!!

Until next time,
Lots of smiles Josh

Sensory Play Activities

1.Textured paint fun

Textured Paint

Skills Developed Targeted Senses
Fine motor and hand eye coordination skills Tactile senses

How to play:

Make the paint and then let them stick their hands in it and explore their creativity. Just remember that if your child is not ready to stick their hands into the paint, be sensitive to their needs. Provide them opportunities to paint with instruments such as a paintbrush or sponges.

Flour Paint:

Ingredients:
– 1 cup of flour
– 1 cup of water
– Food coloring

What to do:
1. Mix 1 cup of water and 1 cup of flour
2. Divide into 4 containers
3. Add food coloring to each mixture
4. Enjoy and create

2. Play dough with Mr Potato Head

Mr Potato head

Skills Developed Targeted Senses
Fine motor skills, hand eye coordination, bilateral integration and body awareness

Tactile, visual and proprioceptive senses

How to play:

Play dough is one of those awesome activities that has endless amount of benefits. The benefits depend on what and how you play with play dough. This month’s skills aim to support the fine motor skills as well as building body awareness.

How? By adding Mr Potato Head parts to the mix.

Let your toddler explore through placing the eyes, the mouth, the ears onto the play dough. See what they will create. Initially their creations might be very abstract. Encourage them to look at your face or their friend’s face and ask questions about where their eyes go? Do they go at the top of their face or the bottom? Where should we put the nose or the arms?

Let them explore and have fun!

My favorite no–cook Play Dough Recipe

Ingredients
• 2 cups plain flour
• ½ cup salt
• 2 tablespoons of cream of tartar
• 2 tablespoons vegetable oil
• 1 ½ cups of boiling water
• Food coloring

What to do
1. Mix flour, salt, cream of tartar and oil in a large mixing bowl
2. In another bowl add water and mix it with food coloring
3. Add both mixtures together
4. Stir until combined (it may still be sticky)
5. Allow it to rest
6. Take it out of the bowl and knead it until the stickiness is gone
7. If after a few minutes of kneading it’s still sticky then keep adding small amounts of flour. Keep adding until you have reached perfect play dough consistency.

3. Spray bottle fun

Spray bottle

Skills Developed Targeted Senses
Fine motor skills, hand eye coordination and hand strength Tactile, visual and proprioceptive senses

How to play:

Simply place some water into a spray bottle and let them have fun. They can spray targets such as spider webs, sticks, toys or simply making wet marks on the grounds or walls. This is a really great activity to strengthen all those small muscles in their hands. Initially they may be using two hands to squeeze the lever.  As their strength builds they will only need to use one hand. An additional benefit to this activity is that it helps to separate the hand into two parts, which is important for many skills such as cutting.

4. Keep it steady!

Balance beam

Skills Developed Targeted Senses
Balance, hand eye coordination and motor planning Tactile, proprioceptive and vestibular senses

How to play:

This is another way to add a variety to your obstacle course or just play on its own. Simply cut a pool noodle in half and place it on the ground.
Then get your toddler practicing their balance skills by walking on it. I would encourage walking barefoot as it provides lots of tactile input into their feet. It also provides better grip while walking. If single line is too difficult to walk on, you can join the two pieces next to each other. This will create a wider base.
To make it more functional you may include a beanbag toss in there. As they reach the end of the balance beam they can pick up a beanbag off the floor and toss it into a target. The target can include a laundry basket or a cardboard box.

5. Paintbrush and water

Skills Developed Targeted Senses
Hand eye coordination, pre-writing skills Tactile and visual senses

How to play:

At this age we can encourage drawing vertical and horizontal lines and circles. In the past few months I have been sharing a variety of ways to start practicing and reinforcing pre-writing skills. This month I thought we would have some fun with water and paintbrushes.

The first part of this activity is simply having a ‘free play’. Meaning let them draw whatever they want. Simply let your toddler dip their paintbrush into the water and then let them draw on the ground. Using outside’s concrete path is ideal as it provides most visual feedback.

If using a paintbrush is a new concept to your toddler this part is particularly important. It will give them an opportunity to explore, experiment and manipulate.

The second part can include some imitation. Your toddler can try and copy your patterns. You can draw vertical lines by saying ‘Let’s draw some rain’. Then to draw the horizontal lines you can say/sing (to the tune of the wheels on the bus) ‘and now the wipers go swish, swish, swish’. Followed by, ‘now the windows are clear and the wheels on the bus go round and round’. While singing and drawing circles of course.

If you were doing this outside I would recommend also doing large lines and circles so it includes using their whole arm when drawing. This is a trick to help the brain remember this information better.

6. Roll and drop

Therapy ball fun

Skills Developed Targeted Senses
Body awareness, upper body & core strength, crossing midline Vestibular, tactile and proprioceptive senses

How to play:

Equipment needed: Exercise ball, medium sized container and child specific toys/objects such as toy cars or animals.

To set up, have your toys placed on one side of the ball and the empty containers on the opposite side. Then have your toddler lie down with tummy down on top of the exercise ball. Once laying down support their hips and help them move to the front so their hands can reach the floor. While supporting them through the whole game have them reach for the toys and transfer them to the container.

Occupational Therapy Tip:

Try getting them to cross their midline by encouraging not to switch hands after picking up their toy.

7. Messy Play: Fluffy Dirt

Sand and shaving cream

 

Skills Developed Targeted Senses
Hand eye coordination, motor planning and fine motor skills Tactile sense

How to play:

To try another texture let’s combine shaving cream and sand. The quantity is not that important. It is really a child directed activity.

Ideas on how to play:

Play kitchen: This is a good way to start as they can themselves use cups, spoons and hands to mix the two ingredients. Then they can make cakes, muffins etc.
– Pre-writing: They can use their pointer finger to draw or imitate various scribbles or lines.
– Dirt driving: You can bring in some small matchbox cars and pretend to be driving through dirt roads. Of course they will have to go through a car wash and get clean.
– Swamp exploration: Maybe you can pretend it is a swamp. You can have various frogs, snakes, and crocodiles moving around the swamp. You can hide the animals and then they have to find them and vice versa.

 

8. Ice skating

Ice skating

Skills Developed Targeted Senses
Body awareness, balance, coordination, leg strength, motor planning (ability to conceptualize, plan and carry out an unfamiliar task) Proprioceptive sense

How to play:

Even tough the name suggests a winter activity this can be done anytime. It’s actually an indoor activity. The skates are shoe box lids.

Have your toddler put one foot into one lid. The aim of the game is that they have to slide their feet across the floor and make sure that their foot doesn’t come out of the ‘skate’. This may be a little tricky at first and you may need to help them out with their first few steps.

While ‘skating’ they can go on various missions of moving objects from one end of the room to the next. Examples can include different blocks, dolls or toys.

9. Hopping along

Shape hoping

Skills Developed Targeted Senses
Body awareness, balance, coordination, leg strength, motor planning (ability to conceptualize, plan and carry out an unfamiliar task), color and shape recognition Vestibular, proprioceptive, visual and tactile senses

How to play:

This is a great outdoor activity.
a) Find a nice concrete clearing that you can draw on. Usually outside your house or a playground will work great.
b) Then using chalk draw a variety of circles, squares and triangles. Make sure the shapes are close enough so they can touch. The distance is important, as your toddler will most likely not be able to jump very far yet. You can also use various colors.
c) When all the prep has been completed get your toddler jumping from one shape to the next. First, it can be random but later you can provide instructions on colors and shapes to jump on. This will be a great way to start getting familiar with simple shapes and recognizing different colors.

10. Playground rebel

Playground Rebel

Skills Developed Targeted Senses
Balance, motor planning (ability to conceptualize, plan and carry out an unfamiliar task), body awareness, bilateral coordination, hand and shoulder strength, core strength, trunk control and visual skills Proprioception, vestibular, tactile senses

How to play:

This activity is really aimed at pushing their gross motor skills but also improving their motor planning skills. A playground is one of the best places for just that.
This activity is really to help and encourage your toddler to look at the playground differently.

If you see your toddler playing on the playground a certain way, see if you can encourage them to explore pieces of a play structure in a different way.

For example if playing on a slide maybe instead of going up through the stairs to get to the slide they can go up the slide. Can you imagine the amount of strength your toddler has to use to get to the top?
What about if they are playing on the swing – instead of just going back and forth maybe they can figure out how to spin themselves around.

By providing them with small cues they can hopefully expand how they play on the playground and not only get stronger but have their confidence increase.

Summary

There you have it. My top 10 Sensory Activities for your 24 month old toddler. These are bound to spark up other ideas. Let me know what activities you have tried in the comments section below.

Remember: Each toddler develops at their own pace. If your child is not ready or not interested in this month’s activities, just try them again in a few weeks.
~ Urszula

Disclaimer: The activities in this blog are intended for sensory play. They are not a replacement for treatment of children with Sensory Processing Disorder, are not medical advice and should not be used in place of the care of a medical doctor or other qualified healthcare professional. These activities should be facilitated and supervised by an adult. All activities are to be performed at your own risk and in no event shall Sensory Lifestyle be liable for any damages.

❮ 23 month activities < Sensory Processing ❯
Sensory Processing Disorder: Treatment Model that works

Sensory Processing Disorder: Treatment Model that works

Following guest blog post was completed by Dr. Lucy Jane Miller.  Dr Miller is a founder of the first comprehensive Sensory Processing Disorder research program nationwide and author of groundbreaking Sensational Kids: Hope and Help for Children with Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD) and co-author of No Longer A SECRET. Dr. Lucy Jane Miller’s name is synonymous with sensory research, education, and treatment.

Dr Miller is a founder and director of STAR (Sensory Therapies And Research) Center in Denver, Colorado. STAR Center is the premier treatment and research center for children and families impacted by sensory processing and feeding disorders, ADHD, autism and other developmental disorders. To find out more about Dr Miller and STAR Center visit their website at http://spdstar.org/ .

Dr Lucy Jane Miller

 

By: Dr. Lucy Jane Miller.

Treatment for Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD) is quite complex. There are 8 sensory systems and at least 6 subtypes of SPD.  Since a child can have 1, 2, up to 8 sensations involved, and 1, 2, up to 6 or more types of SPD, that means there are 86 or over 2 million different “looks” of SPD. That is why children with SPD look and act so different from each other.

But there are a few things that all children with SPD need:

  • Good social participation
  • Ability to self-regulate
  • Excellent self-esteem and self-confidence.

Here at the STAR center we focus on these three attributes with all children we treat. We are fond of saying that we are “working” on joie de vivre (joy in life), rather than skills. We try to work outside the box with emphasis on parent interaction with their child.

We start with regulation activities and processes as a foundation, then we add on relationships and engagement. It is not until Regulation and Relationships are reasonably solid that we work on sensory integration (SI). SI is a means to an end and not an end in itself.

We also believe that if you can treat a child in natural settings, the parent is more likely to be able to work “treatment” which is really play, into the child’s daily routine. We work on establishing a sensory lifestyle (and we never give parents a sensory diet).

There couldn’t be a set of “sensory diet items” that could work for a child in all contexts… that is why we work with out parents to give them problem solving skills. (See No Longer A SECRET by Bialer and Miller).

Whenever possible we work outside in our sensory playground as sensory garden. Luckily, with over 300 days of sunshine a year, we can go out almost every day.

Playing on a structure

 

All our parents are active participants in every OT session. And 20% of our sessions are parents only (no kids) which helps explain our tremendous success rate.

As much as I do believe in OT, in Speech and Language and in therapy for mental health issues, what I believe in even more is family power! We have a formula here at STAR – kind of a guideline for our parents . . . that for every hour spent in therapy an equal amount of time should be spent in play. So play away! And have FUN!

For more information about the STAR model of treatment, see Sensational Kids 2nd edition, chapter 4.

Lucy Jane Miller

 

The Developmental Benefits of Playgrounds – Part 3

The Developmental Benefits of Playgrounds – Part 3

by Urszula Semerda with Dr. Lucy Jane Miller

In the first 2 parts of this 3 part series you learned about self- regulation strategies and self-esteem & self-confidence benefits from playing on a playground.  In this article I will discuss social participation benefits.

Social Participation

Children playing on tire

One of the most exciting benefits of children playing on the playground is the possibility of learning new skills. Skills that allow the child to become a ‘good friend’ and develop meaningful relationships with his or her peers.

The Sand and Water Circle Story

One of the most popular activities was playing in the STAR Center sand and water circle, which has a manually activated water feature. Children instantly gravitate to it.  Initially the play was not always successful due to children’s decreased awareness of their peers. They were self-aware and knew exactly what they wanted to do. This however, led to sand being thrown in all directions, water being unexpectedly splashed onto children and tears when there was not enough turn taking.

We knew that getting all the children to play together was a huge opportunity to increase their abilities to relate and engage… but how could we do that?

We decided to target each individual situation, one at a time. First came the water feature, then the sand play, and then turn taking. After some discussion with the children and some prompting from the camp leader we came up with a plan for Friday, the last day of camp.

Friday finally arrived. Now most children were playing in the sand area.

Water! Ready for water?” asked Ben as he carefully looked around at his friends while raising his thumb up acknowledging that he was ready to push the button to activate the water. One by one all the other children raised their thumbs and Adrian slowly moved away so the water could not reach him.

Waatttterrrrr START NOW!!!” Ben pressed the button with excitement.

As the water flowed down the rock into the sand Jack and Jamie jumped up and down with excitement.  Their aluminum boats were sliding down the rock pushed by the flow of water from the water feature.

We need more sand!” shouted Adrian as he started to pick up more sand.

Liam and Emma joined him and the three of them started building more dams around the water feature as Jack and Jamie collected all the boats to get them ready for another ride.

As the positive interactions increased camp leaders were able to scale back the support and step in only at the times of need. Working in this wonderful natural setting provided numerous opportunities for children to grasp learned strategies and develop meaningful friendships. Another success at the Sensational Camp. We all couldn’t be happier!

Playing in a sandpit

 

Jacob’s Story

Positive friendships are very powerful and can affect or change children’s regulation.

This was very clear with a boy named Jacob who also participated in the summer camp. He was a sweet young boy who was very eager to participate in the camp. He did however struggle with regulating his body and was unable to stay on any task for longer then a minute.  The therapists tried numerous regulating strategies to help him slow down and participate in an activity for longer. Unfortunately Jacob continued to struggle.

During the free play on the third day of our Moovin’ and Groovin’ camp, Liam, another group participant was surrounded with few friends including Jacob who was quickly running from one play structure to the next.

Guys, guys!! Come on!” said Liam as he picked up a soft noodle and a foam ball “Let’s play!

He walked over to the open area between the structures.

What a perfect opportunity to see if Liam and Jacob could engage and play with one another. I walked over to Jacob and gave him some slow but deep pressure on his shoulders. This allowed him to slow down and look at me.

Jacob … Liam wants to play with you.”

Jacob looked up at Liam who was all set up to play baseball.  I guided Jacob towards Liam.

Liam wants to play some baseball. Would you like to play with him?” … “Sure” said Jacob.

Jacob was a ‘yes’ boy, always willing to do everything . . . but would he stay engaged? We were all eager to see what happened.

Liam… Jacob will play with you” I said.

Great!”  Liam walked over and started directing Jacob about what he could do and where he should stay. Jacob followed all of Liam’s instructions to the tee.

They played and played… I was overjoyed. I kept taking pictures to make sure I captured these wonderful moments for their parents. I looked down at my watch… 15 minutes had passed and they kept playing together, even when another friend came to join them.

As the days passed it was clear that their friendship grew and Jacob was able to stay regulated for most of the activities while playing with Liam.

He is my best friend!” Jacob kept telling everyone.

After the camp the boys were very clear with their parents about their friendship. The two mothers decided to support this wonderful friendship with play dates after camp was over.

Playgrounds have amazing benefits! It is rewarding to watch children be happy, having a good time, learning new skills, experiencing meaningful interactions with peers, and improving their ability to handle feelings and negotiate conflicts.

What could be more fun . . . than having fun?

❮ Part 2